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Reference Library

Reference Bibliography

BY THERAPEUTIC MODALITY ULTRASOUND Stimulation of myofascial trigger points with ultrasound induces segmental antinociceptive effects: a randomized controlled study. Pain. 2008 Oct 15;139(2):260-6. Epub 2008 May 27. Srbely JZ, Dickey JP, Lowerison M, Edwards AM, Nolet PS, Wong Randomized controlled study of the antinociceptive effect of ultrasound on trigger pointRead More


Bell's Orofacial Pains

Jeffrey P. Okeson (Author) Click here to purchase this book. Book Description Publication Date: January 2005 | ISBN-10: 086715439X | ISBN-13: 978-0867154399 | Edition: 6 Updated to reflect the latest research in orofacial pain, this revised edition of Dr Welden Bell's classic text is designed to assist the practicing dentist in managing orofacialRead More


Manual of Temporomandibular Disorders

Edward F. Wright (Author) Click here to purchase this book. Book Description Publication Date: November 10, 2009 | ISBN-10: 0813813247 | ISBN-13: 978-0813813240 | Edition: 2 Manual of Temporomandibular Disorders, Second Edition is a four-color, softcover handbook of information on temporomandibular disorders, an array of medical and dental conditions that affect the temporomandibular Read More


Physical Agents in Rehabilitation: From Research to Practice, 3rd Edition

Michelle H. Cameron, MD PT OCS (Author) Click here to purchase this book. Book Description Publication Date: June 2, 2008 | ISBN-10: 1416032576 | ISBN-13: 978-1416032571 | Edition: 3 Presenting a variety of treatment choices supported by the latest clinical research, Physical Agents in Rehabilitation: From Research to Practice, 3rd Edition is your Read More


Oral Sensorimotor Function

Douglas Junge (Author) Click here to purchase this book. Book Description Publication Date: July 1998 Univ. of California, Los Angeles. Provides students with a basic understanding of the sensory and motor systems of the orofacial region. Material comes from courses at the UCLA School of Medicine and School of Dentistry.Read More


Comprehensive Review of Headache Medicine

Morris Levin (Editor) Click here to purchase this book. Book Description Publication Date: May 8, 2008 | ISBN-10: 0195366735 | ISBN-13: 978-0195366730 | Edition: 1 Headache Medicine has recently become an official medical subspecialty. Practitioners who specialize in the field come from many different backgrounds including neurology, internal medicine, anesthesiology, rehabilitation medicine, family Read More


Management of Temporomandibular Disorders and Occlusion, 6th Edition

Jeffrey P. Okeson, DMD (Author) Click here to purchase this book. Book Description Publication Date: July 11, 2007 | ISBN-10: 0323046142 | ISBN-13: 978-0323046145 | Edition: 6 Covering both new and proven techniques in this rapidly changing field, this bestselling book helps you provide solutions to many common occlusal and TMD problems. Clear Read More 


Therapeutic Modalities in Rehabilitation, 4th Edition

William Prentice (Author) Click here to purchase this book. Book Description Publication Date: April 4, 2011 | ISBN-10: 0071737693 | ISBN-13: 978-0071737692 | Edition: 4 Comprehensive Coverage of Therapeutic Modalities Used in a Clinical Setting A Doody's Core Title for 2011! Therapeutic Modalities in Rehabilitation is a theoretically based but practically oriented guide Read More


Clinical Oral Physiology

Timothy S. Miles (Editor), Birgitte Nauntofte (Editor), Peter Svensson (Editor) Click here to purchase this book. Book Description Publication Date: May 2004 | ISBN-10: 1850970912 | ISBN-13: 978-1850970910 | Edition: 1 Univ. of Adelaide, Australia. Textbook for dental students provides a comprehensive overview of the part of dentistry linking basic physiological and pathophysiological Read More


Study Evaluates Risk Factors for Chronic Temporomandibular Joint and Muscle Disorders

November 10, 2011 Thousands of Americans this year will be diagnosed with a common disorder of the jaw area called temporomandibular joint and muscle disorders (TMJD, formerly called TMJ). Because of the inherent biological complexity of TMJD, their healthcare providers will have no way to determine whether their patients willRead More


TMJ Disorders

Temporomandibular joint and muscle disorders (TMJ disorders) are problems or symptoms of the chewing muscles and joints that connect your lower jaw to your skull. Times Essentials REFERENCE FROM A.D.A.M. Alternative Names TMD; Temporomandibular joint disorders; Temporomandibular muscle disorders Causes There are two matching temporomandibular joints -- one on each side Read More


Wikipedia - Dentomandibular Sensorimotor Dysfunction

Dentomandibular Sensorimotor Dysfunction From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia http://www.en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dentomandibular_Sensorimotor_Dysfunction Dentomandibular Sensorimotor Dysfunction is a medical condition involving the mandible (lower jaw), upper three cervical (neck) vertebrae, and the surrounding muscle and nerve areas. There is a concentrated nerve center in this area called the trigeminal nucleus.This major pathway of nerves Read More



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Assessment & Treatment
  • Assessment Process
  • Treatment Process
  • Only Dental Professionals
  • Assessing DMSD
  • Bite Force Analysis
  • Mandibular Range of Motion
  • Cervical Range of Motion

Only Dental Professionals

In many cases, only dental professionals can help the estimated 80 million Americans suffering from the painful symptoms caused by improper dental forces, called dentomandibular sensorimotor dysfunction (DMSD).

READ MORE "...it is imperative to include the training for orofacial pain, particularly those from temporomandibular joint and musculoligamentous tissues.” JADA Cover Story, 10/2015, Vol. 146, Issue 10, Pg. 721-728

Assessing DMSD

20% of your existing patients suffer from DMSD, as do 20% of all Americans. Your team members quickly assess patients for "red flags" (which indicate DMSD), utilizing TruDenta's patented technologies.

The National Institutes of Health estimate that over 80 million Americans suffer from one or more of the symptoms of DMSD, including:
• Chronic Headache
• Migraine
• Tinnitus
• Vertigo

Bite Force Analysis

TruDenta uses digital force measurement technology, powered by Tekscan®, for evaluating the amount of bite force that is present during closure, at closure, and while chewing. The technology is so advanced that it actually calculates the bite force and motion on a tooth-by-tooth basis. This digital exam literally shows a movie of the bite force in action revealing abnormal forces in the nerves, muscles and ligaments that are often the cause of symptoms.

Bite balance is also calculated to identify potential issues within the overall chewing system. READ MORE

Mandibular Range of Motion

A normal opening for an adult is 53 mm to 57 mm. Limited or restricted range of motion (less than 40 mm) is a reduction in an individual’s ability for normal range of movement. Along with opening movement, an individual should be able to slide their jaw to the left and to the right at least 25 percent of their total mouth opening in a symmetrical fashion.

When restricted movement exists, an imbalance in the system is present, and breakdown of the system is likely to occur. READ MORE

Cervical Range of Motion

The TruDentaROM is a system of hardware and software that digitally measures cervical range of motion (ROM) impairment based upon AMA guidelines. This directly affects the proprioceptive feedback system of the dental occlusion, TMJ, and the muscles of mastication.

ROM impairment is another “red flag” which assists doctors in accurately diagnosing symptoms that are often dental force related. This data enhances medical insurance collections and the collaboration with referring medical doctors. READ MORE

  • Doctor Chair Time
  • Therapeutic Ultrasound
  • Microcurrent Stimulation
  • Low-Level Cold Laser

Less Than One Hour Doctor Chair Time

A typical case requires less than one hour of doctor time in the diagnosis and minor occlusal adjustments during the rehabilitation period.

Treatments are performed by a trained team member once per week, in less than one hour. The most severe cases require 12 treatments. Therapies are spa-like, non-invasive and require no drugs or needles. Most patients report dramatic results after the very fist treatment. Note: The majority of patients utilize an orthotic only during the treatment period, up to a maximum of 12 weeks. READ MORE

Therapeutic Ultrasound

The goal of therapeutic ultrasound treatment is to return circulation to sore, strained muscles through increased blood flow and heat. Another goal is to break up scar tissue and deep adhesions through sound waves.

Therapeutic exposure to ultrasound reduces trigger point sensitivity and has been indicated as a useful clinical tool for managing myofacial pain. Additionally, ultrasound also has been shown to evoke antinociceptive effects on trigger points. READ MORE

Microcurrent Stimulation

Sub-threshold microcurrent stimula¬tion reduces muscle spasm and referral pain through low electrical signal. It also decreases lactic acid build-up and encourages healthy nerve stimulation. In particular, microcurrent electrotherapy has been shown to help increase mouth opening significantly.

• Reduces muscle spasm and referral pain through low electrical signal
• Decreases lactic acid build-up
• Encourages healthy nerve stimulation
• Increases mouth opening significantly

Low-Level Cold Laser

Low level laser/light therapy is one of the most widely used treatments in sports medicine to provide pain relief and rehabilitation of injuries. Over 200 randomized clinical trials have been published on low level laser therapy, half of which are on pain.

Low level laser/light therapy decreases pain and inflammation, accelerates healing of muscle and joint tissue 25 to 35 percent faster than without treatment, and reconnects neurological pathways of nerves to the brain stem, thereby inhibiting pain. READ MORE

Additional Content & Resources
Download this eBook on The Hidden Causes of Head Pain
DRSdoctor training
Download this eBook on The Hidden Causes of Head Pain
Download this eBook on The Hidden Causes of Head Pain
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